• Algeria


    Development challenges

    The government has continued its policy of gradual economic liberalisation in recent years. While the country continues to benefit from the oil boom, Algeria still faces a number of challenges for development:

    • the economy is dominated by oil and gas, still accounting for 98% of exports, and with services accounting for less than a third of GNP;
    • oil and gas price volatility creates a very uncertain economic policy environment;
    • the successive depletion of the natural resources requires heavy investment in the diversification of the economy, but the current dominance of oil and gas makes it difficult for other sectors to develop and become competitive.

    Key trade issues

    In the field of trade, the key challenges are to:

    • increase the range and quality of goods and services on offer for the world market;
    • secure access to those markets;
    • create a business environment that helps enterprises create and profitably develop their export business.

    Government priorities

    The government’s priorities remain:

    • implementation of trade association agreements with the EU;
    • finalisation of the negotiations for WTO membership;
    • implementation of the broad structural reform programme, including financial sector reform, privatisation, economy and export diversification, opening further the infrastructure sectors to private operators.

    In particular, there is a need to:

    • review the products - whether goods or services - and markets where Algeria could have an advantage in developing its exports;
    • develop the mechanisms and institutions for continuously remaining informed about market developments and reflecting this in trade policies and in export strategies, both at the national and sector level;
    • ensure that Algerian firms are knowledgeable about foreign markets and how to approach them;
    • help enterprises access and use the approaches, tools and resources needed for supplying what the markets request;

    Trade and Tariff Graphs

    Graphs of the country’s export markets, its export performance in a key sector and tariffs exporters of a sample product face.
    Trademap sample Trademap sample: The map uses color codes to illustrate the relative size of different markets in the overall exports of the country shown in pink.
    Trademap sample Trademap sample: The vertical axis shows import values by key importing countries, while the horizontal axis shows export values by the country for the same sector. I.e. the country has gained market share in the case of an importing country at the bottom right of chart and lost market share for countries top left. The size of circles is proportional to market size.
    Market access map sample Market access map sample: The world map shows trade values and tariff levels for a key export product by importing countries. Color codes indicate protection levels. Red circles denote trade volumes.

    Trade and Investment Data

    Detailed data on the country’s export performance, key imports and foreign investment, grouped by product and service categories (HS and BOP).

    Trade Information Sources

    A listing of country specific print and online publications on trade related topics. Includes information from both ITC and external sources.

    Trade Contacts

    The most important trade contacts, including importers’ and exporters’ associations, trade support institutions, trade promotion organizations and institutions providing business development assistance.