• Belarus

    Belarus

    DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES 

    Belarus gained its independence in 1991 and, between 1998 and 2008, registered average annual GDP growth of 7.7%. This growth was primarily driven by improvements in labour productivity and increases in energy efficiency and capacity utilization. Having recently graduated to “upper-middle” income status, Belarus had a GNI per capita of US$6,130 in 2010. Belarus is ranked 65th of 187 countries on the Human Development Index (HDI), with a “high” value of 0.756. Despite remarkable progress, the global economic crisis and the rise in energy prices have exposed the limits of Belarus’ development model, as GDP growth dropped from 10.2% in 2008 to barely positive (0.2%) in 2009. While Belarus has recovered rapidly, the recovery is unsustainable, and the country faces urgent macroeconomic and development challenges.

    • Inequality and unemployment
    • Irregular labour migration
    • Skills gap
    • Weak governance

    KEY TRADE ISSUES 

    • Market concentration and trade deficit
    • Regional integration and WTO accession
    • Limited access to finance
    • Administrative and regulatory barriers
    • Slow privatization

    GOVERNMENT PRIORITIES 

    The development priorities of the Government of Belarus are outlined in a series of documents, including the Main Directions of Social and Economic Development of Belarus for 2006-2015, the Concept of the National Strategy of Sustainable Social and Economic Development for 2011-2025, and the National Strategy of Sustainable Social and Economic Development of the Republic of Belarus for the period up to 2020.

    The main goals and objectives are to:

    • Ensure sustainable economic development of the country and improve living standards of the population to bring it closer to the living standards of the economically-developed European countries;
    • Promote self-preservation behavioural patterns and healthy lifestyles by decreasing morbidity, trauma, and disability;
    • Improve the quality of the environment, ensure sustainable economic growth within biosphere capacity, and develop new management strategies in the use of natural resources and environment protection;
    • Safeguard the rights and liberties of the citizens of Belarus, as enshrined in the Constitution, law and specified in the state’s international obligations; and
    • Effectively prevent and persecute human trafficking, illegal migration and related crimes (defined in more detail in the State Migration Programme for 2006-2010).

    More detailed information on Belarus can be found here. 

    Trade and Tariff Graphs

    Graphs of the country’s export markets, its export performance in a key sector and tariffs exporters of a sample product face.
    Trademap sample Trademap sample: The map uses color codes to illustrate the relative size of different markets in the overall exports of the country shown in pink.
    Trademap sample Trademap sample: The vertical axis shows import values by key importing countries, while the horizontal axis shows export values by the country for the same sector. I.e. the country has gained market share in the case of an importing country at the bottom right of chart and lost market share for countries top left. The size of circles is proportional to market size.
    Market access map sample Market access map sample: The world map shows trade values and tariff levels for a key export product by importing countries. Color codes indicate protection levels. Red circles denote trade volumes.

    Trade and Investment Data

    Detailed data on the country’s export performance, key imports and foreign investment, grouped by product and service categories (HS and BOP).

    Trade Information Sources

    A listing of country specific print and online publications on trade related topics. Includes information from both ITC and external sources.

    Trade Contacts

    The most important trade contacts, including importers’ and exporters’ associations, trade support institutions, trade promotion organizations and institutions providing business development assistance.