• Haiti

    Haiti

     Development Challenges
    Haiti continues its reconstruction and stabilization process after the earthquake that struck the country in January 2010, which caused unprecedented human and economic damage. The country, widely supported by international assistance, focuses on restarting public administration, developing infrastructure, supporting agriculture and attracting foreign investment. The GDP grew 6,1% in 2011 , reaching US$ 12,4 billion , spurred by the reconstruction efforts and international aid and the moderate recovery of key sectors such as agriculture, which contributes to 25% of the GDP and employs almost 40% of the Haitian workforce . Haiti is the only country in region considered a Least Developed Country (LDC). It has a GDP per capita of US$ 1,200 and a low human development ranked 158th out of 187 countries in the UN Human Development Index, remains in a vulnerable position and faces significant challenges, including:

     

    • Attain good governance and political stability
    • Reconstruct its infrastructures and relocate the displaced population
    •  Institutional capacity
    • Poverty and inequality, with 80% of its 9,7 million- population living in poverty (55% in extreme poverty) and a Gini coefficient of 59,5
    • Insecurity
    • Vulnerability to natural disasters


    Key Trade Issues

    • Attract foreign direct investment
    • Promote exports to take advantage of its preferential access to the EU and the US markets
    • Structural current account deficit
    • Limited regional integration
    • Weak business environment

    Government Priorities
    The “Action Plan for the Reconstruction and the National Development of Haiti” defines the government´s strategic goals and its priorities. The reconstruction and stabilization of the country are the immediate priorities of the government. These priorities are grouped under four programs:

    • Infrastructure programs: the national transport network including the road grid, electrification, reconstruction of devastated areas and urban renewal
    • Governance: justice and security, restart of the public administration, territorial planning and local development
    • Reduce vulnerability of the people and basic services: education, health, preparation for the hurricane season, peoples’ housing and watershed management
    • Economic Growth: recovery in domestic production, cultural production, economic and financial systems, creation of jobs.

     For the long term, the main aims are:

     

    • Territorial rebuilding. Development of regional economic centers, improve the transport and communication infrastructure, and implement a land settlement strategy with a reliable land registry
    • Economic rebuilding. Agriculture and private sector development. Main policies (i) improve the business environment; (ii) facilitate the establishment of manufacturing industries, tax-free zones, industrial areas, and tourism development; (iii) attract private investment; (iv) boost credit to the private sector, particularly to SMEs; and (v) seek public-private partnerships (PPPs) for infrastructure projects.
    • Social rebuilding. Reduce poverty rates from 54 percent in 2009 to 40 percent by 2015 Protect the most vulnerable through employment and social inclusion. Provide public services and social safety nets
    • Institutional rebuilding. Improve political, economic, and social governance
       

    Trade and Tariff Graphs

    Graphs of the country’s export markets, its export performance in a key sector and tariffs exporters of a sample product face.
    Trademap sample Trademap sample: The map uses color codes to illustrate the relative size of different markets in the overall exports of the country shown in pink.
    Trademap sample Trademap sample: The vertical axis shows import values by key importing countries, while the horizontal axis shows export values by the country for the same sector. I.e. the country has gained market share in the case of an importing country at the bottom right of chart and lost market share for countries top left. The size of circles is proportional to market size.
    Market access map sample Market access map sample: The world map shows trade values and tariff levels for a key export product by importing countries. Color codes indicate protection levels. Red circles denote trade volumes.

    Trade Information Sources

    A listing of country specific print and online publications on trade related topics. Includes information from both ITC and external sources.

    Trade Contacts

    The most important trade contacts, including importers’ and exporters’ associations, trade support institutions, trade promotion organizations and institutions providing business development assistance.