• Tajikistan

    Tajikistan

    DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES

    Having declared its independence in 1991, Tajikistan’s economy demonstrated record growth rates averaging nearly 9% per annum during the 2000s. Classified as a “low income” country, Tajikistan’s GNI per capita has doubled between 2006 and 2010, increasing from US$400 to US$800. Although economic growth fell to 3.9% in 2009 during the peak of the financial crisis due to a drastic fall in remittances and foreign direct investment (FDI), a timely response and generally good macroeconomic management helped the country to recover slowly. Nevertheless, the country remains the poorest in the region of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, with a “medium” Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.607, placing Tajikistan in 127th place of 187 countries. The country faces significant development challenges.

    • Poverty and inequality
    • Lack of employment opportunities, labour migration, and heavy reliance on remittances
    • Weak public administration
    • Skills gap

    KEY TRADE ISSUES

    • Product concentration, weak competitiveness, low productive capacity and trade deficit
    • Market concentration and WTO accession
    • Limited access to finance
    • Cumbersome regulatory and business environment
    • Weak physical infrastructure
    • Underdeveloped quality management infrastructure

    GOVERNMENT PRIORITIES

    The overarching long-term development goal of Tajikistan, as defined in the National Development Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan for the Period to 2015, is to strengthen social and political stability and to achieve the economic prosperity and social well-being of the people of Tajikistan in an environment shaped by the supremacy of the principles of a market economy, freedom, human dignity and equal opportunities.

    With a view to successful achievement of this overarching goal, the main priorities are to:

    • Improve the public administration system in accordance with the requirements of a market economy, and create a modern, professional civil service;
    • Improve management of government finances, tax administration, the macroeconomic planning, forecasting and statistics system, monetary policy and the financial sector;
    • Develop administrative-territorial governance and form a full-fledged local self-government;
    • Reform the judicial and law enforcement systems in accordance with democratic principles;
    • Diversify the economy and enhance export potential;
    • Reinforce legislation to improve the investment and entrepreneurial climate;
    • Better organize procedures for regulating the activities of economic entities under all forms of ownership;
    • Expand support for business;
    • Further develop regional cooperation; and
    • Integrate into the global partnership system.














    ITC’s trade promotion programmes in Tajikistan have helped boost fruit and clothing production, created jobs for women and reduced poverty levels, according to the country’s deputy minister of economic development. ITC’s partnership with the Tajik government has resulted in increased exports of products that are competitive in global markets.

    Trade and Tariff Graphs

    Graphs of the country’s export markets, its export performance in a key sector and tariffs exporters of a sample product face.
    Trademap sample Trademap sample: The map uses color codes to illustrate the relative size of different markets in the overall exports of the country shown in pink.
    Trademap sample Trademap sample: The vertical axis shows import values by key importing countries, while the horizontal axis shows export values by the country for the same sector. I.e. the country has gained market share in the case of an importing country at the bottom right of chart and lost market share for countries top left. The size of circles is proportional to market size.
    Market access map sample Market access map sample: The world map shows trade values and tariff levels for a key export product by importing countries. Color codes indicate protection levels. Red circles denote trade volumes.

    Trade and Investment Data

    Detailed data on the country’s export performance, key imports and foreign investment, grouped by product and service categories (HS and BOP).

    Trade Information Sources

    A listing of country specific print and online publications on trade related topics. Includes information from both ITC and external sources.

    Trade Contacts

    The most important trade contacts, including importers’ and exporters’ associations, trade support institutions, trade promotion organizations and institutions providing business development assistance.