• Cocoa
    Export prices of cocoa have been very good since 2002 when compared with prices of most other agricultural products from developing countries. This partly explains why ITC has had only few and small projects in the cocoa sector in recent years.

    ITC’s Cocoa – A guide to trade practices is from 2001 but is still in demand. It is available in English, French, Spanish and Russian from ITC’s e-shop.
     

    Information

    Expand this section to access more information about Cocoa and to access online resources.
     

    Cocoa – A guide to trade practices is often referred to as ITC’s Cocoa Guide. The most recent version, from 2001, is still in demand. The 180 page guide can be obtained from ITC’s e-shop.

    The guide describes trade and industry practices, as well as regulations applying to cocoa. It traces customs procedures, systems and techniques used at each stage of the cocoa supply chain. It reviews trends in cocoa manufacturing and processing, cocoa organic farming, fair trade, sustainable production and environmental issues. It also provides a list of main sector-related trade and industry association and their websites.

    The Cocoa Guide is available in English, French, Spanish and Russian. Many users of the Cocoa Guide have shown interest in ITC’s more comprehensive Coffee Guide. It is continuously updated at www.thecoffeeguide.org - in English, French and Spanish. The Coffee Guide’s extensive information on, for example, sustainability schemes (labels), climate change and coffee, futures, hedging and risk management are also relevant for cocoa.

    Women in the cocoa sector
    In 2010, ITC gathered various information on the role of women in the cocoa sector . There are relatively fewer women engaged in the cocoa sector than in, for example, the coffee sector and the tea sector – not least because many tasks at field level are physically demanding. Research has been carried out on women’s role throughout the value chain (field, harvest, post-harvest, domestic trade, processing and export) and this has been compared in five countries:  Brazil, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ghana and Peru.

    Also of relevance, in 2007-2008 ITC made a survey on the role of women in the coffee sector in coffee producing countries. 25 persons (mainly women) in 15 countries provided information on (i) employment, (ii) ownership and (iii) national associations and groups. The survey has been copied in several coffee magazines around the world and been used at international coffee conferences. From: ITC’s magazine, Trade Forum, 3&4, 2008.

    The cocoa sector in Liberia
    Information is available on request. Please contact us to find out more.

    Here are links to associations that can provide general data relating to cocoa, including labour statistics:
    Ghana – COCOABOD – Ghana Cocoa Board, Accra
    Brazil – CEPLAC – Comissao Executiva do Plano da Lavoura Cacaueira, Itabuna/Ilheus, BA
    Perú – INEI – Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informatica
    Indonesia – ASKINDO – Indonesia Cocoa Association
    Malaysia – Malaysian Cocoa Board
    Ecuador – ANECACAO - Asociación Nacional de Exportadores de Cacao

    Information can also be obtained from a range of other organizations, including the International Cocoa Organization (ICCO)and the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) 

    Data and Research

    Expand this section to see the top exporting and importing countries for cocoa.
    Click on the thumbnail to the left to see the top cocoa exporting countries.Click on the thumbnail to the left to see the top cocoa exporting countries.
    Click on the thumbnail to the left to see the top cocoa importing countries. Click on the thumbnail to the left to see the top cocoa importing countries.

    Advisory Services

    Currently ITC offers no standard advisory service specifically for the cocoa sector. Advice and sector analyses can be offered in various forms on an ad hoc basis by ITC’s staff and our network of cocoa consultants.
     

    Cocoa – A guide to trade practicesis often referred to as ITC’s Cocoa Guide.The most recent version, from 2001, is still in demand. The 180-page guide can be obtained from ITC’s e-shop.

    The guide describes trade and industry practices, as well as regulations applying to cocoa. It traces customs procedures, systems and techniques used at each stage of the cocoa supply chain. It reviews trends in cocoa manufacturing and processing, cocoa organic farming, fair trade, sustainable production and environmental issues. It also provides a list of main sector-related trade and industry association and their websites.

    The Cocoa Guide is available in English, French, Spanish and Russian.

    Many users of the Cocoa Guide have shown interest in ITC’s more comprehensive Coffee Guide. It is continuously updated at www.thecoffeeguide.org - in English, French and Spanish. The Coffee Guide’s extensive information on, for example, sustainability schemes (labels), climate change and coffee, futures, hedging and risk management are also relevant for cocoa.

    ITC statistics on commodities – including cocoa
    Understanding the structure and evolution of international markets is essential for both firms and trade support institutions (TSIs). Firms scanning the world market for opportunities to diversify products and markets, as well as suppliers, and TSIs setting priorities in terms of trade promotion, sector performance, partner countries, and trade development strategies must have detailed statistical information on international trade flows in order to utilize resources effectively. Strategic market research based on such information helps gauge the competitiveness of national and sector trade performance and identify priority products and markets for trade development.

    ITC’s  Market Analysis Research Section (MAR) produces and disseminates market research and trade analysis for trade support institutions and the business community in developing countries and transition economies. MAR offers in-depth analysis of international trade flows and the development of analytical tools for market analysis and trade promotion, as well as training activities. For MAR data on Cocoa, please look at the “Data and Research” section of this page.

    Training

    Currently ITC offers no formalized standard advisory service specifically for the cocoa sector.
     Advice can be offered in various forms on an ad hoc basis by ITC’s staff and our network of cocoa consultants.

    Networks

    ITC maintains contact with a small group of international cocoa trade experts – some of them having been associated with ITC for more than ten years and whom are still available to provide services.
     For details about how to get in touch with our networks, please contact us.

    Projects

    There are currently no ongoing projects in the cocoa sector in ITC.
     ITC had an extensive programme in the cocoa sector in the 1990s, in particular training in cocoa trade issues. Projects in recent years include promotion of cocoa (chocolate) consumption in Russia and development of the export of cocoa from Liberia.